A learning style is the way that different students learn. A style of learning refers to an individual’s preferred way to absorb, process, comprehend and retain information.
Everyone learns new information in different ways. There are three main cognitive learning styles: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic.
Visual learning is a type of learning style in which students prefer to use images, graphics, colors and maps to communicate ideas and thoughts. Visual learners must see information in order to learn it. These learners are likely to have a photographic memory and may use color, tone and brightness to recall information. In class, visual learners will benefit from seeing diagrams drawn out, for example, on a chalkboard and in slideshows.
You can easily visualize objects, plans and outcomes in your mind’s eye. You also have a good spatial sense, which gives you a good sense of direction.
Tips for Visual Learner
Turn notes into pictures, charts, or maps, Avoid distractions (windows, doorways, etc.), Learn the big picture first and then focus on the details, Make mind and concept maps instead of outlines, Color code parts of new concepts in your notes, Use flash cards when trying to study vocabulary.
The auditory learning style means a person learns best by listening. Music, video clips and conversations are their ideal way of learning. Auditory learners tend to do well in a traditional school environment listening to lectures, and also contributing to discussions.
Auditory Learner like to work with listening to talks, sounds & music. Learning by listening & discussing comes easily to you. You are a verbal and listening learner. You have a good sense of pitch and rhythm. Certain music invokes strong emotions. Typically a theme or jingle pops into your head without prompting & relate it to current scenario. Learning by reading aloud, listening & discussing comes easily.
Tips for Auditory Learner
Record lectures and then listen to them, Repeat material out loud and in your own words, Discuss materials in your study groups, Read textbooks aloud, Listen to wordless background music while studying.
A kinesthetic-tactile learning style requires that you manipulate or touch material to learn. Kinesthetic-tactile techniques are used in combination with visual and/or auditory study techniques, producing multi-sensory learning.
If the physical style is more like you, it’s likely that you use your body & sense of touch to learn about the world around you. It’s likely you like sports, exercise and other physical activities such as gardening, wood-working, etc. You like to think out issues, ideas & problems while you exercise/move/walk. You typically use larger hand gestures & other body language to communicate.
Tips for Kinesthetic Learner
Take study breaks often, Learn new material while doing something active (e.g., read a textbook while on a treadmill), Chew gum while studying, Work while standing, Try to take classes with instructors who encourage demonstrations and fieldwork.